8 Animals and the Plants That Repel Them

Just like a natural ecosystem, a permaculture design should always be looking to achieve balance. Establishing biodiversity is one way of doing this, but planting many species of plants, which in turn attract lots of different animals, from insects and spiders to birds and frogs. However, in managed systems sometimes nature needs a helping hand to retain that balance. On a permaculture plot, you can use plants to help protect others from the unwanted attentions of animals.

There are many different combinations of species that can be used to keep insect populations at manageable levels, either by deploying scents that deter insects, attracting species that predate on other problem animals or attracting birds and amphibians for the same purpose. But plants and other organic material can also be deployed to repel larger animals that may damage your plot and eat your crops.

Rabbits
Rabbits will eat a wide variety of vegetation given the chance, particularly if food is scarce elsewhere. However, there are some species of plant that they do not like and which can actively repel them. The herbs, rosemary, sage and thyme are effective repellants and can be interplanted with crops such as lettuce, beans and peas to protect them from the attentions of rabbits. Onions and garlic can also perform this function. Of course, all these deterrent plants have the added benefit of providing food for your kitchen.

Deer
The best method of keeping deer from eating the crops on your permaculture plot if effective fencing or hedge screening. Using shrubs and bushes with thorns along the border where deer access your plot is good, as is planting bamboo as the close clumping form in which the plant grows hinders penetration by large animals. Placing recycled materials that make a noise on your border can also keep these skittish animals away – wind chimes or tin plates can work. However, if none of those options are possible, nor is installing a fence, there are plants that do repel deer. Fragrant herbs are among the best species for keeping deer away as they dislike the aromas. Plant sage, mint, rosemary, dill or oregano among your more vulnerable crops to keep the mammals away. These plants have the additional benefit of attracting beneficial insects to your plot with their bright flowers. Daffodils and sunflowers are other options for deterring deer, and are often deployed in orchards.

Squirrels
Daffodils can do double duty as a deterrent for squirrels as well as deer. Squirrels find daffodils poisonous so steer clear of them, meaning planting a circle if the flowers around trees that are vulnerable to the attentions of squirrels (they scratch bark away as well as eat nuts and fruits) can keep the animals away. Odorous plants, particularly alliums like onions and garlic, can also repel squirrels.

Chipmunks
These smelly species are also the first line of defense against chipmunks. These critters can eat young plants, seeds and dig up bulbs. But they don’t like the smell of onions or, particularly, garlic. In fact, crushed cloves of garlic mixed with water and sprayed on the leaves of plants can be a useful way of keeping chipmunks, and other animals, away from crops if you don’t have the space of conditions to grow the grow itself.

Raccoons
Raccoons are omnivorous, meaning they will eat plants on your site as well as dig up the ground and scratch up mulch in search of edible insects. Raccoons are often a problem if you are cultivating a crop of corn, as they like to eat the young, tender ears before they are ready for you to harvest. One easy of keeping them away from your corn is to plant squash around the edge of the crop. Raccoons do not like walking on the prickly vines of the squash and if the planting is comprehensive can act as an effective border.

Moles
Given that they remain predominantly underground, moles can easily go undetected on your permaculture plot. While they are insectivores, their movement through the ground can damage plant roots and leave plants exposed to attack from other, herbivorous, animals. Chives, garlic, leek, onion and shallots are good crops to plant to repel moles.

Rodents
Mice and other rodents can be difficult to detect on your plot until they have eaten their fill. However, incorporating certain plant species into your permaculture garden can help keep them at bay. Lavender, mint and marigolds are effective at repel rodents, while daffodils and catnip may also help.

Domestic Pets permaculture plot
It’s not just wild animals that can be a problem on your permaculture plot; domestic pets can too. They won’t eat the plants, but digging and scratching at the ground can cause significant damage to plants. Domestic pets are also a threat to the wildlife you do have on your plot; cats predating native birds are a particular problem in many urban areas. The best plants to deter domestic pets are those with strong odors. Cats and dogs have a much more acute sense of smell than humans, and certain aromas will repel them from a garden. Garlic and onions are particularly effective in this regard. The strong odor of cayenne peppers has a similar effect – and cultivating them will also add spice to your kitchen. Pets can be useful however, in deterring other animals. Collect the hair that falls from your dog or cat when you brush them and sprinkle around the base of vulnerable plants. The smell of these ‘predators’ will deter creatures like squirrels, rabbits and chipmunks.

In combination with good fencing or hedge deployment, as well as the trusty scarecrow, these plants can help to protect your edible crops. However, wildlife remains an important part of a permaculture plot, so it is not ideal to exclude all animals from accessing your site. Consider providing alternative food sources specifically for animals to lure them away from plants you want to protect, For instance, incorporating a small patch of clover or soybeans into your design provides rabbits with a favorite form of food, which should help protect other crops you wish to eat by diverting their attention.

43 comments
R.Nichols

Who is doing your proof reading?? Oh My! …and I am speaking of content not punctuation.

Tommy Blingman & Sophia Sarmento this made me think of fu fu….

You need a better editor.

I’d never repel that fine looking creature…..beastie anyone?

Martin and Laura, check this out for your ‘bunny defense’ plan.

My guess is that the clover in my backyard is going to be soooo yummy for the rabbits.

Joe

great information no doubt, but PLEASE PROOF READ. Please….

Who would want to repel that cute guy?

We’re feeding our compost piles with kitchen wastes, paper and cardboard and manure. The chickens are on the compost. What they don’t eat, turns into amazing compost!

Handy info.

Attract their natural predators. Encourage lizards: plant ground cover, have lose soil for nesting, set out shallow water bowls with water for drinking.

Nematodes!

Our rabbit population has no fear. We went from cyclone fence to wood fencing and I did not get my chicken wire installed under the wood fence before the ground was frozen, so now my blueberries and Kiwis are nubs sticking out of the snow.

Gonna try interplanting with rosemary and thyme for the bunnies, and spreading some of our dogs hair at base of new trees/ bushes to help deter some of the other critters.

Some really good advice. I had a real problem with field mice in my home last year. I hated having to use glue traps. This winter, I simply sprinkled cayenne pepper in the doorways and any place I saw a potential entry into the home. Since mice have a very keen sense of smell it will irritate them temporarily but the mice will remember that it was a bad place and move on elsewhere. Works great for ants and insects as well.

What about gophers?

Love this info, though I have no idea when I’ll be using these tips. I’ll be gardening on my balcony and inside my apartment, see? 😉 Question, though : The timing is right to ask you… I’ve read somewhere that if I grow Catnip inside my house, my 2 cats will tend to “dig” into the dirt instead of just gnawing at the herbs as such. Is that true? What would be a solution then. I want them to enjoy their natural drug in order to have their own fun while I learn to garden in my own space. 😀

Encouraging healthy happy birds with habitat to hang out in. They love to eat insects. And NO chemicals in the yard.

we need one another….Thank you Daniela.

Pascale Bédard & Alexandre Méthot pour l’été prochain?? 😉
(C’est sous l’offre du livre gratuit)
J’espère que vous avez fait bon retour a la maison xx

Hmm intéressant! Je vais lire ça!

Carol Myler, maybe this will help with your rabbit problem?

Planted my lettuce in an enclosed cage. The local fox seems to have taken care of the overpopulation of rabbits.

If rabbits eat your young flowers very early in the spring, plant lots and lots of crocus. Some will bloom, but mostly the rabbits will eat the leaves and leave all your other plants alone.

m_r_cook

Claudia Desharnais, I keep a potted catnip plant in our guest bedroom with the door closed to keep the cats out. Then I just break off a few leaves to give the cats. Alternatively, I bring out the pot or let them into the room to chew on it while under close supervision. If they start to do more than chew on it or get too aggressive, time is up and I take it away. My cats have more of a tendency to want to lie on top of it and roll around on it rather than digging in the dirt.

Anonymous

What about ground hogs?

superbhale

R.Nichols, it seems you would like to be their editor…but you forgot to point out the actual errors. That might be more helpful to them than a blanket statement. We all make errors here & there, especially with the new lovely, and sometimes not so lovely little tool called autocorrect. Regardless, if you’re going to be vocal about your grammar superiority complex, at least be useful.

superbhale

This is excellent information. This is exactly what I’ve been looking for to keep the squirrels away. Thank you.

Anonymous

I have “black birds” cleaning out their nests to ward off predators. I understand they must do this but unfortunately for me, they are dropping the babies droppings in my pool and on it’s edge. Can I grow a plant that will ward them off from my yard?. I know this may distract the pretty birds from coming, but I really don’t like seeing poop dropping all around my pool and in it as well. I don’t want to kill the poor things just get them to believe my yard is not to be entered.

cschmid13

These are a few fantastic ideas, esp for deer, moles, swuirrels, and rabbits. Thank you.

Anonymous

How about foxes?

Great information about getting rid of small animals by planting herbs that can be dried and used for cooking!!😍🐈

Anne Reichert

Good find! Thank you! I have to admit..

Got a repellent for human garden thieves? That is what my problem has been this year.

You’re canadian now, try using C3A1’s?

Can’t. Canada has this weird thing called gun laws.

The C3A1’s (Elsies) are a canadian made, minimum shrap metal, anti-personnel landmine, not a gun. Go get em girl!

Landmine or gun it is a military weapon and access is actually limited to (gasp) active permitted military personnel in the line of duty.
That said we are contemplating gentian violet, infrared, or some lovely shade of thief dye to booby trap the trees with next year. 😁 🙃

Preferring a purple plume of pigment to prevent possible plum pillaging and pilfering? Perfect!

Precisely 😁

Michael Donahue

Comments are closed